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Afghan Cultural Resources

Brief History

Afghanistan's crossroads position in Central Asia has subjected it to constant invasion and conquest throughout its long recorded history. The history of Afghanistan is a history of war and conflict even up to present day.

Although many countries over the years have tried to take over Afghanistan, mainly Great Britain and Russia, none were ever successful. Because of this, Afghans pride themselves on their country’s independent heritage.

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Afghan food centers on rice dishes called pilaus. Qabile pilau, typically pieces of lamb are covered with a pilau that includes strips of carrots and currant. Aushak, scallion-filled dumplings with meat sauce and yogurt, sprinkled with mint. Boiled curd is often eaten for breakfast.


In rural Afghanistan, regular midday meals are not eaten, but people carry around nuts and dried fruit for energy throughout the day. The usual beverage is tea, which constitutes one of Afghanistan’s major imports.

Click here to learn more about traditional Afghan food​.


The predominate religion in Afghanistan is Islam which 99% of the population follow. A follower of Islam is referred to as a Muslim.

Friday is the Muslim holy day. Most shops and offices will be closed. Government offices and businesses may also close on Thursday, making the weekend Thursday and Friday.

The Afghan Muslim population is divided into two denomination Sunni and Shia.

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